Gym Exercises Sprinters Assignment

About The Author

  • Name: Tom Green.
  • Residence: U.S. Olympic Training Center, San Diego, Ca.
  • Sport: Track and Field.
  • College: University of South Dakota (97'-02')
  • Events: 100 and 200-meter dashes.
  • Personal Best: 10.10/20.77.
  • Accomplishments: 8-time All-American, 7th in the 100 m dash at the 2002 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, member of '02 World Cup 4x100, '02 NACAC U-25 gold and silver medallist, '02 Drake Relays 100 m champion, both state and University of South Dakota athlete of the year titles, six school records (three all-time state records).
  • Goals: Becoming a member of the 2004/2008 Olympic teams in the 100 m dash and 4x100 relay. To threaten the current 100-meter world record.

My Full Training Program For Sprinting

The program I use emphasizes and creates the following: strength, flexibility, power and speed.

Sprinting is a difficult combination of aggression, relaxation, technique and efficiency. The 100 meters is sometimes labeled as the easiest most complicated event in sport! And contrasting bodybuilding, gaining too much size can become a negative. Generally speaking world-class sprinters are not that large, anywhere from 155-180lbs. In fact, what's interesting is that some sprinters do not lift weights at all! But for those of us who aren't as genetically gifted, the ultimate goal is having incredible strength-to-weight ratios, lean body mass and a well-developed CNS (central nervous system) for fast reaction and the ability to explode on command.

Unfortunately having too much bulk, especially throughout your chest and shoulders, can significantly decrease your ability to relax and control what your body is doing at high speeds. Relaxation is important to maintain this top-end speed; it's by far been one of the hardest things for me to overcome. Throughout my high school career, I would spend all year lifting weights, mainly upper body, and then just run in the actual track meets. My idea of practice was getting in some abs, heavy curls and bench press. So I literally competed myself into shape. College was a different story; I learned real quick that even though a big chest looks good, it would NOT help you sprint to your fullest potential. I ended up shedding the chest and grew some legs.

Training Seasons

Depending on the person or specific event, a track and field "season" can wind up being very long. It's anywhere from 8 - 11 months depending on one's indoor and outdoor goals. There was a point in my career where I had been both training and competing for 20 consecutive months! It was a grueling task that predictably concluded in a major injury ... a pectoralis major tear ripping off the right shoulder bone. Surgery and four screws later, I was successfully on my way to recovery. The surgeon and staff at the Olympic Training Center were absolutely amazing throughout my recovery process. At three weeks post-op, they had me five weeks ahead of schedule.

A "season" is broken up into three basic cycles: Fall/Pre-season, indoor competition, and outdoor competition. The fall, usually beginning late September early October, is where I am currently at and will continue to be at until the early parts of January. Indoor competition ranges from January through March. And outdoor schedules can range from March all the way through September.

Each cycle of the season is broken down into many different parts, for many different reasons. Throughout the season I will continue to explain my training program, writing specifically about what is going on as it happens. Doing so will avoid confusion and prevent us from getting ahead of ourselves.

Due to my pectoral injury last April, I spent the past six months rehabbing, gaining back strength, and working on my sprint mechanics. In all areas I'm ahead of the game compared to where I was at this time last year. For the exception of bench press, it's safe to say I'm at 100%. If you share a similar situation, it's =important at this time to become as healthy as possible in EVERY aspect. All of the "little things" need to be addressed: injuries, nutrition, sleep, social life and being in a positive environment, to name a few.

At this point in Fall Training I'm getting in enough shape to really get in shape. Focusing mainly on base training, increasingly heavy Olympic lifts, foot strength and sprint mechanics ... not to mention a ton of core strength for the hips, abs and lower back. Although the beach muscles aren't left out, the main goal at this time is to become as strong as possible and become the best athlete possible. Basically what's going on is I'm tearing my body down, way down. The obvious point of this is to build it back up for the physical and mental rigors of the season that lay ahead. Along with this, the proper rest is added in to allow the body to rebound and overcompensate the damages put onto it. Recovery is very important; I will address this later on in detail.

Training Three Times A Day

Currently the program involves training three times a day on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday; Saturday is reserved for a single specific workout. The time frame I personally use is the following:

  • 1st Workout - 10 a.m. ... 20-45 minute active warm-up, max velocity sprint mechanics, plyometrics/bounding, and a cool-down of 10-15 minutes.
  • 2nd Workout - 3 p.m. ... 20 minute warm up, main workout/general conditioning, 10-15 minute cool down.
  • 3rd Workout - 5 p.m. ... Weights
  • ... Saturday workout is typically late morning or early afternoon.

Six Phases

As the season progresses, the workout program gets increasingly more technical, specific and fine-tuned. This is due to the nature of track and field events. The 100-meter dash is broken down into these six phases:

  1. The start... 15 meters.
  2. Acceleration phase... 15-20 meters.
  3. Transition phase... 20-40 meters.
  4. Maximum Velocity 1... 40-60 meters.
  5. Maximum Velocity 2... 60-80 meters.
  6. Speed Maintenance... 80-100 meters.

Each phase needs to be addressed in order to maximize your success, and ideally, each phase will run together smoothly. In time and with a lot of practice, this will happen. I've been running the 100-meter dash for nine years, and I still have a lot to learn and work on. Patience is important in developing yourself in this event. The problem is that sprinters tend to want things NOW!

Full Warm-Up

To get into detail with the current workouts, I'll begin by explaining my warm-up that takes around 20-25 minutes. It's called a "Dynamic Movement Circuit" and it's done using only 30 meters:

Alternate buildup going down with a skip coming back, (4x30m).

  • Skipping forward with arms swinging across body.
  • Skipping forward with alternating arm swings up/down.
  • Skipping backward with heel raises.
  • Skipping backward with high knees.

30m build up.

  • Side skipping with arm circles ... down and back.
  • Cariocas emphasizing fast thigh drive to the ground.
  • Rear kicks.
  • Running backward emphasizing a long reach.

30m build up.

  • Skipping high knees up and out.
  • Skipping high knees up and out going backward.
  • Skipping lateral straight leg.
  • Skipping lateral straight leg backward.
  • Skipping with spins.

30m build up.

  • Jumping jacks moving forward to 15m, then a jog for the next 15m.
  • Jumping jacks with high knees clapping under knees.
  • Straight leg bounding.
  • Toe touches.

...The next section of the warm-up is done with 15 meters ...

  • Walking on toes.
  • Walking on heels.
  • Side stepping toes then heels ... left and right.
  • Walking pulling knee to chest.
  • Walking opposites ... elbow to knee.
  • Walking swinging leg up and touching toes.
  • Walking quad/glute holds.
  • Cross over jumping jacks.

... The following lunges are done with 7 repetitions on each leg ...

  • Static lunges (alternating).
  • Backward lunges.
  • Front lunge with opposite elbow reaching to leg extended.
  • Diagonal lunge with opposite elbow reaching to leg extended.
  • Leg swings front to back.
  • Leg swings side to side.

By now you should be warmed up, if not, feel free to add any additional exercises or stretching to suit your specific needs.

After properly warmed up, my first workout spends a considerable amount of time, anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour of work on maximum velocity sprint mechanics and/or plyometrics.

The idea of sprint drills is to rewire the CNS and neuromuscular system to operate faster and more effectively for the actual race. Doing these confuses the body's natural/normal tendencies with the speed and aggression actually needed to run at a World Class level. This is along with teaching you how to run correctly while applying the most amount of force possible.

Our goal is to improve my running technique so each leg cycle decreases by .01 seconds, I take anywhere from 46-50 strides in a 100 meter race. Simple math will tell you that if performed, I will eventually take almost half a second off my 100-meter time. Best case scenario says if done, I will be looking to hit the 9.6 range ... the current World Record is 9.78.

The First Workout Of The Day: Sprint and Plyometric Drills

The drills seem simple, but don't let that fool you into thinking they can be done passively or sloppy. If done aggressively and correctly, they can become quite exhausting. The main focus is on correct body posture, correct execution and fast ground-to-ground time. The drills are as follows:

  • Ankling (toe up - heel up - step over opposite ankle).
  • Heel raises (toe up - heel up - heel to hamstring) ... NOT butt kicks.
  • Alternating L&R fast leg cycles.
  • Double cycles, LL&RR.
  • Continuous R cycles.
  • Continuous L cycles.
  • ... Each drill is done for 30 meters, 2-4 times on each leg with around 60-90 seconds rest in-between.

    Plyometrics and bounds are also done during the first workout. Usually I do these on the opposite days of sprint drills; sometimes when I'm feeling really good I include everything together. The idea behind the plyo's and bounds is to get your body use to exploding and becoming extremely powerful at the point in which your foot/feet makes contact to the ground. That's the name of the game in the 100 meters. People with bad shins or ankles may have a hard time doing some of these exercises so be careful! I personally had shin splints for a number of years and I know how excruciating they can be. The following is the list of plyo's and bounds that I'm currently doing:

    1. Straight leg bounding.
    2. Alternating single leg bounds.
    3. "Skip-bounds" for height.
    4. "Skip-bounds" for distance.
    5. 42in. box jumps 4x5.
    6. Standing long jump for distance.

    ...Except for the box jumps, each exercise is done three times...

    After the first session it's important to do a good cool down. I spend 10-15 minutes stretching out and even doing some of the same things used in my warm-up. I personally like to go through a quick and light lunge series to really stretch everything out. Also be sure and ice any nagging injuries, and consume some protein within a few minutes of your workout. These things are very important in staying healthy and replenishing your body. Remember ... TAKE CARE OF THE LITTLE THINGS!

    The Second Workout Of The Day: General Conditioning

    The second workout of the day is where the greater part of my general conditioning is done. Like I said, this is the pre-season and what I'm doing is getting into shape to really get into shape. Even though the workouts at this time are not that ballistic, it's important to get another quality warm-up in. And of course a good cool down with a lot of stretching after the workout.

    Throughout the weeks to come, the workouts change, but the general principle is the same. Workout atmosphere depends on where you are in the World. The great thing about San Diego is that it's almost always perfect weather here. I do the majority of the work barefoot in grass or sand! This helps build my feet and ankle strength. The following is an outline of my workouts performed throughout the week:

    Monday Flying 30's barefooted in the grass, (3 sets of 3) ... 2-3 minutes rest in-between each rep, and around 10 minutes in-between each set. At this point in time, these aren't that fast, mainly working on form and technique learned from the first session.

    After the 30's, take a 10-minute rest and then I perform 5-7 "Power Hills." This is sprinting at around 80% up a hill that is around a 10-degree incline. The hill I use is close to 100 meters, be creative and use what's available to you. The purpose of these is to really work on your drive phase, power and sprinting form/technique. Typically I wait around 4-5 minutes in-between each one. Have fun!

    When you're done be sure to cool down again and take in plenty of fluids.

    Tuesday - No running done today, but after the workout you'll wish you wouldn't have found this article. Again, warm-up enough to where you're getting a good sweat, even though you're not running you're about to put your body through some pain.

    The first thing you'll do is standing-in-place-running-arm swings. Sound simple enough? I thought so! You will perform these with dumbbells, anywhere from 5lbs to 25lbs depending on gender and strength... DON'T cheat yourself. I use 20lbs and it's not easy! I do this 10 times, 60 seconds on with 60 seconds off. The first 40-45 seconds is at a brisk pace, the last 15-20 seconds is all out sprinting of the arms. Be sure to pump your arms without recruiting all of your major muscles, try staying up tall using good technique. Make sure you get FULL range of motion.

    The final exercise is what we call "Bulgarian Dips." This is possibly one of the most painful exercises I have ever performed. Each leg is used twice, for a series of 2-minute holds and gradual movements ... and the entire exercise is performed holding onto dumbbells at your side. This exercise is somewhat difficult to explain, but I'll do my best!

    Using the single leg squat positions have your back foot on a chair, and your front foot extended out in front of you. Begin by taking 30 seconds to GRADUALLY go down into a parallel position, and then hold for another 30 seconds. At 1 minute, begin slowly rising for 30 seconds until you're half way up, hold for 15 seconds, then spend the final 15 seconds finishing until your front leg is locked out and you're standing again. Now do that to each leg twice, never taking more than 2 minutes rest in-between each set.

    It's important keep you're back tall and never let your knees touch the ground.

    Also, use a challenging dumbbell weight ... I use 20 lbs.

    Wednesday - Rest and Recovery.

    Thursday - Today I attack the cardio system with a great aerobic workout. Again, perform a good warm-up; make sure everything is working and loose. The workout won't take that long but it's going to definitely wear you out.

    It's simple; find sand, whether it's on a beach or your local long jump pit. Make sure the sand you use isn't packed and hard. The deeper and softer the better. What you're performing is in-place running, focusing on high knees and aggressive arm swings.

    The workout is performed like the in place weighted arm swings ... 10 sets of 60 seconds on with 60 seconds off. The first 40-45 seconds is very brisk, with the last 15-20 seconds being all out sprinting in place.

    Cool down and go lift weights!

    Friday - Today's workout is the same as Monday's, minus the flying 30's.

    Anywhere from 5-8 "Power Hills," with rest depending on what you want to accomplish. Personally, I take plenty of rest in-between each sprint to make certain my power and sprint mechanics stay as sharp as possible throughout the entire workout.

    For those of you want more cardio, run them continuously adding in a jog to the bottom of the hill. Though after a couple, you'll begin sacrificing your power output and possibly your ability to sprint up with crisp technique.

    Cool down.

    Saturday - Today's workout is used for active recovery.

    After a week of hard training your body needs to rest and repair the damages you inflict upon it. These activities help restore neural fatigue, your body's physiological state and even emotional restoration.

    There are many different ways to actively rest your body: light jogging, walking, swimming, cycling, etc. Even getting a massage would be an excellent idea today.

    What I choose to do is ocean swimming, snorkeling or just taking a few laps in a pool. The best part about being in the ocean is the chilly water combined with the waves "massaging" your body.

    Rest is necessary, as my coach says,"Rest is not a four letter word!" People sometimes see it as a bad thing, but without rest your body never has time to profit from all of the hard work that you put in.

    Different people recover in different ways. No one is exactly the same; one workout may be beneficial for one person, yet insufficient or harmful to the next. For some people, working out less is actually better for them. The more a particular person is stressed either physically or emotionally, the more they need to focus on their recovery process.

    Sleep, nutrition, and water intake are the obvious ways to help, but are frequently neglected. It's important to keep an eye on all these things in order to make the most out of your efforts.

    The Third Workout Of The Day: The Weight Room.

    The last session of the day is entirely weight room oriented! Like the track workouts, what I'm doing in the weight room is base/strength training. All Olympic lifts are obviously done emphasizing the proper technique, absolute quickness and power. As the year progresses, so will the weight being used. Sets and reps will also change to not only keep things mixed up, but to allow my body to peak for competitions.

    Monday and Thursday focus on lower body; Tuesday and Friday focus on the upper body. After lifting, I finish up with some kind of ab work. I like to use a lot of the basics like crunches, weighted decline board sit-ups, and hanging knee-ups/leg raises. But you can do whatever you need to do for the best results.

    The following is the list of exercises, sets and reps that I'm currently performing:

    Monday:

    • Snatch - 3x6 View
    • Squat - 5x5 View
    • Straight legged dead lift - 3x5 View
    • 1 leg alternating curls - 3x8 View
    • Seated calf raises - 3x8 View
    • Ab/Ad machine - 3x8 View

    View A Printable Log Of Monday's Workout!

    Tuesday:

    • Dumbbell bench press - 3x10 View
    • Dumbbell military press - 3x8 View
    • Pull downs - 3x8 View
    • Bicep curls - 3x8 View
    • Triceps extensions - 3x8 View
    • Forearm curls - 3x8 View

    View A Printable Log Of Tuesday's Workout!

    Thursday:

    • Power clean "pulls" - 3x6 View
    • Squat - 3x8 View
    • Power Shrugs - 2x6 View
    • Good mornings - 3x8 View
    • Ab/Ad machine - 3x8 View
    • Seated calf raises - 3x8 View

    View A Printable Log Of Thursday's Workout!

    Friday:

    • Bench pull - 5x5 (Like T-Bar rows but by lying on a bench with a barbell underneath.)
    • Dumbbell push press - 3x8 View
    • Dumbbell bench press - 3x8 View
    • Bicep curls - 3x8 View
    • Forearm curls - 3x8 View

    View A Printable Log Of Friday's Workout!

    Good luck in your training! Check back soon for more info.

    View Tom's 9 Exercises For Sprinters Article

    While at The Spot Athletics I implemented and oversaw one of the top internship programs in the country. In order to provide a better learning experience for our young coaches, I turned to my mentors on how I could do such a thing. One of the assignments I loved to use was shared with me by Mark Watts, and it’s called the Five Exercise Assignment.

    According to Mark Watts, the assignment is that you must pick five and only five exercises or drills that you can use to train all of the university sports for all of the seasons. You would not need to choose warm-up, flexibility, or mobility drills. You can also leave out pre-hab exercises like the five-way neck, rotator cuff, etc.

    There are a few limitations:

    • You cannot use any combination lifts like the clean and press.
    • You cannot use general variations (i.e. squat variations).
    • Your exercises need to be equipment specific (i.e. barbell lunge versus dumbbell lunge).
    • You cannot use circuits.
    • Speed, plyometric, and conditioning drills count toward your five.

    When I did this exercise with my interns, it wasn't the five exercises themselves that were important, but whether the interns could explain why they chose the exercise over other variations. I then proceeded to ask a handful of coaches from all levels what their top five were and why. You will notice it was hard for some coaches to pick just five exercises.

    After reading this leave your top five and why you chose them in the comments.


    Mark Watts

    Fifth grade teacher and kick-ass father

    1. SS Yoke Bar Box Squat
    2. GHR
    3. RDL
    4. Military Press
    5. Chin-Up

    If I am choosing just five, and they must be applied to in-season athletes regardless of sport, I would make sure I am comfortable with them implemented pre-season, during game week, etc.

    This is entirely anecdotal and limited to my experience, but here goes:

    • Box squatting (not squatting to a box) can alleviate soreness due to breaking the eccentric-concentric portions of the movement, along with ensuring consistent depth. The SS Yoke Bar can alleviate unwanted stress on the wrist, elbow, and other joints.
    • I chose the GHR because I have documented the primary and secondary performance of other movements and it was the one variable that reduced soft tissue and ACL injuries in the shortest amount of time.
    • The RDL is there to increase stress on the hamstrings without stress on the low back. By changing where the weight is distributed (one dumbbell, two dumbbells, etc.) you can vary the movement enough to continue adaptations.
    • Most sports coaches falsely cringe at overhead presses, but I think it is more applicable to most sports. They more easily transition from a squat to overhead movement in a session (no benches), I can get enough push-up variations at other training times, and if an athlete is going to "get-in" an extra workout, it's most likely going to be bench.
    • If you have ways to progress and regress, I think a closed chain pulling movement is the most beneficial for athletes. You can sub a bodyweight row, but that would be harder to progress (for the most part).

    Again, this list may be different for off-season athletes. But, what do I know? I don't even lift.

    Travis Mash

    Owner of Mash Elite Performance

    1. Squat
    2. Clean
    3. Push Press
    4. GHR
    5. Carries
    • The squat is obviously for functional movement and it’s directly related to vertical leap and speed.
    • The clean is used for rate of force development and power production, and by its pure nature is a great way to train speed strength.
    • Push press is for functional upper body power production generated initially from the hips.
    • GHRs are for the posterior chain, especially where the hamstrings cross at both joints (knee and hips), which is great for knee health, speed, and strength.
    • Carries of any kind are used for the most functional development of the core, not to mention the athletic carryover from one-arm work.

    Cassie Prenger

    Performance Coach at PLAE Hard (and a BAMF)

    1. Overhead Backwards Throw
    2. Front Squat
    3. Nordic Hamstring Curls
    4. Pull-Ups
    5. Swiss Bar Incline Press
    • The overhead backwards throw trains triple extension. You don't have to use Olympic lift to teach and train triple extension. It is a very simple dynamic movement and you can manipulate it in any way.
    • The front squat is to train the lower body. I choose front over back squat for safety issues. It only takes one person to front squat and dump the bar if needed, rather than two to three people to back squat, in hopes the spotters are paying attention and can spot properly
    • The biggest bang for your buck of pulls is pull-ups. It trains the lower back and grip and you can throw different variations of it in.
    • I chose the Nordic curl over the GHR because when I did Nordic curls with my hamstrings, my athletes felt them in their hamstrings more than when doing the GHR. GHR has a learning curve and in my experience of working with young athletes they simply aren't strong enough to do them and they end up cheating the movement.
    • I chose the Swiss Bar because it puts less strain on the shoulder and incline because not many athletes lay and press in their sport. Incline gets the chest and shoulders and the specialty bar gets the triceps.

    Nick Courtad

    Owner of Courtad Strength Institute and the guy that showed me the ropes when I first got into the field

    1. Front Squat
    2. Tire Flips
    3. Farmers Walks
    4. Deadlift
    5. Prowler Push/Pull
    • The front squat is a functional movement with reduced spinal loads with all the usual benefits.
    • Tire flips are great for explosion. They're my substitution for Olympic lifts. I'm not afraid of doing Olympic lifts, but this just gives athletes a different movement and adds competition.
    • I love farmers all year long. Strong grip, strong traps, and a strong midsection are never negatives.
    • Deadlifts are used for absolute strength. Sets are reduced in-season but we still go after it all season long. As long as form is tight, I'm not afraid to have my athletes go for it.
    • Prowler work is great for overall conditioning and mental and physical strength.

    Cass Barrett

    Owner of C. Barrett: Core Fit and a very smart guy who thinks outside the box

    1. Suspension Rows
    2. Trap Bar Deadlift
    3. Turkish Get-Ups
    4. Kettlebell One-Legged Deadlift
    5. Kettlebell Swings

    My list is based on versatility. A lot of stuff can be done with a TRX, trap bar, and a collection of kettlebells. I can train all facets of performance with these pieces. I think you can capture all the variables here: force production, strength, endurance, spine alignment/awareness, hip hinge, rotation, pressing, pulling, lunging, weight distribution, etc. The list is long and distinguished. Thanks for the prompt to pick an exercise. It makes a guy think when he's forced to make the final call.

    Zach Gallmann

    Founder of Finding Strength, social media icon, and the reason I found my way to The Spot Athletics

    1. Front Squat
    2. Split Squat
    3. RDLs
    4. Single-Arm Dumbbell Rows
    5. Overhead Press

    The first three exercises on my list I think get the most bang for your buck with athletes and clients not looking to compete in powerlifting. I believe that front squats just have a better overall training effect. I chose split squats because they’re dynamic and really help glute and hip issues. RDLs are there to round it all out. I’d rather have a general population client or athlete doing something like RDLs than full-on deadlifts if they can’t do them or they’re in-season. Single-arm dumbbell rows I think are great for back development while making someone brace contralaterally, and I’ve found in my experience that overhead work carries over to upper body and overall strength more so than bench.

    Ryan Burgess

    Private Strength Coach, a guy who has paid his dues and is finally back to where he belongs

    1. Front Squats
    2. Lunges
    3. Rows
    4. Push-Ups
    5. Chin-Ups

    I’m biased due to the population I’m working with right now (high school football players with a very low developmental age), so that definitely influenced my responses.

    • I like the front squat over the back squat because the thoracic extension, core stabilization, and lower body demands have a more direct transfer to general physical preparedness, which is where we’re lacking. Volume and intensity can be adjusted to use it year round for different short-term objectives, while the overall movement itself still addresses our primary objective, which is to improve global mobility/stability and increase force output.
    • In my programming lunges are a catch-all term for walking lunges, stationary lunges, step-ups, and split squats. Where the athlete is in their own development as well as where we are in the annual plan determine the choice. The take-home point is that I think unilateral work is critical from relative strength, injury prevention, and movement efficiency standpoints for field sport athletes, so if I have to pick one I’m going lunge.
    • I prefer inverted bodyweight for developing relative strength and bent-over barbell or dumbbell rows as mass builders and to build the foundation for pressing in the future.
    • Our kids have such low general physical preparedness that getting them to do proper push-ups right now is huge. Relative strength and core stability are what we’re trying to improve.
    • Chin-ups are great for relative strength, mass building, and developing an eventual pressing platform.

    If I could add a sixth, it’d be a bilateral hamstring exercise: the Nordic hamstring curl, GHR if available, or reverse leg curls (feet on furniture movers, knees bent, hips in extension, back on the floor, then slowly lowering hips to the ground while simultaneously extending knees).

    Shawn Pitcher

    Performance Specialist at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and Nutritionist

    1. Front Squat
    2. Single Arm Dumbbell Rows
    3. Half-Kneeling Dumbbell Shoulder Press
    4. Carry Variation
    5. GHR
    • The front squat is good for less axial loading that will help ensure better spine health for the athlete, hip mobility, and forces the athlete to sit back and down.
    • A single-arm dumbbell rows is a great movement for developing the back. The athlete has to incorporate stabilizing on one-arm, bracing to keep the spine flat, and activation of the glutes all while rowing.
    • I keep all of my athlete's shoulders in a neutral grip position for pressing and dumbbells are good for this. I feel these keep their shoulders in a safe position without continuously jamming their humeral head into its socket doing military press and developing impingement. Adding the dumbbell while pressing works the anti-rotation/flexion/extension concept while improving vertical upper body press strength and glute activation, since it's in a half-kneeling position. I like starting a lot of movements from the ground because if they can control it in a more stable environment on the ground then they will be stronger and more successful when they get to base/standing based movements.
    • GHRs are great hamstring and glute developers. I do a lot of three to five second eccentric pulses and also full range of motion with my athletes. I haven't had any reported hamstrings or pulls by the trainers this past year after implementing these.
    • Carry variations are great for working anti-rotation, anti-flexion, and anti-extension. It improves grip strength, shoulder stabilization, overall body strength, and lumbar stabilization (I know we all hate the word core).

    Kirk Sabalka

    Full time powerlifter, part-time Xbox player, and one of the top strength consultants in the country

    1. Deadlifts
    2. Pull-Ups
    3. Floor Press
    4. Carry
    5. Jumps

    These five exercises together lead to complete development of the body. Deadlift variations are immensely effective in developing the posterior chain, the pull-up is the single best arm-body movement, floor press develops pressing muscles, carries are better than anything else at developing an ironclad midsection (and a midsection that works at high velocity with correct variations) and jumping is the best thing for explosive strength.

    Nate Harvey

    Executive Equipment Specialist for elitefts and an avid heavy metal fan (the Phil Anselmo of the strength world)

    1. Box Squat
    2. Reverse Hyper
    3. Horizontal Press
    4. Pull-Up
    5. Jump/Throw

    I picked these five movements because I think they have the biggest impact on keeping us healthy and making us stronger.

    Jonathan Minni

    Owner of Tri-State Strength & Performance Center

    1. Pull-Ups
    2. Inverted Row
    3. Split Squat
    4. Swings
    5. Landmine Press

    I feel like these are fairly simple movements. Swings might be an exception, but once the athletes are competent with a hinge, they should have it down. I use these movements no matter what level and no matter what phase. They cover pretty much the whole body. I feel I could make a solid program for anyone from beginner to advanced with just these five movements.

    Tim Kettenring Jr

    Director of Sports Performance at Loyola University New Orleans

    1. Medicine Ball Shot Put Throw
    2. Trap Bar Deadlift
    3. TRX Power Pulls
    4. Mini-Band Lateral/45-Degree Taps
    5. Floor Press
    • For the throws, I really like reversing the emphasis of potentiation because I think it sets the table for more motor unit recruitment for maximal and submaximal strength work. I think we need to work in the transverse plane daily as well.
    • I chose the trap bar deadlift because of the bang for your buck: squat/hinge, joint angle specificity, grip strength, postural/pillar strength, and chin neutrality.
    • TRX power pulls are for unilateral horizontal pulling, thoracic spine mobility, and transverse emphasis.
    • Mini-band taps are included because we can never get enough glute/intrinsic hip activation. Frontal plane glute activation is both specific and a little neglected, I think.
    • I chose floor press because it gives me a really safe and strong horizontal unilateral pressing pattern where I can add tempo if I want, alternate to get some thoracic rotation if I want, and get kids out of "bench press" mode.

    Mark Rodgers

    Owner of Austin Simply Fit

    1. Deadlift
    2. GHR
    3. Jumps
    4. Throws
    5. Push-Ups

    I chose these exercises based on getting the most bang for your buck, training total body power and conditioning with the least cost (chance of injury).

    Joe Aratari

    Head Strength Coach at Penfield Central School District and Next Level Strength and Conditioning

    1. Sprint
    2. Jumps
    3. Rows
    4. Overhead Press
    5. Deadlift

    I chose sprints because I think if you just lift and don't apply it to the movement you will not benefit as much. Yes, lifting and strength is the gateway to speed, but you need to sprint to get faster. Jumps are on the list for the elastic component benefits, ACL prevention, and because they're easiest to teach (compared to cleans). I don't know many successful athletes without a solid posterior chain and rows are important for the posterior chain. I prefer overhead press to the bench press for shoulder safety. I also think putting stuff above your head is critical for total body development. Like the rows, the deadlift's purpose is to build the posterior chain. It works great for training grip too.

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