Example Of Term Paper About Agriculture

This is a part of term paper on Organic Farming:
Organic Farming is a farming system that does not use synthetic chemicals or genetic alteration. The farming process relies on natural elements, repellents, and hard manual labor. The crops yielded are small, but yield a variety of plants. This systems promotes healthy living and a better ecosystem for today’s and tomorrow’s world, while conventional farming methods send the message of greed and mass production. That is why Organic farming should replace all forms of conventional farming.

Organic farming is a lot more healthier because of the absence of chemicals and genetic alteration. The fruits and vegetables grown at these all natural farms are treated with care and are held to strict laws to make sure the food is safe for the consumer and the farmer. A recent study conducted by the Soil Association says that the fruits and vegetables are healthier than their conventional counterparts. director Patrick Holden of the soil association says that, “fruits and vegetables that were grown organically have more nutrients and higher levels of vitamins”. The Soil Association’s research has also found that the fruits and vegetables have more secondary metabolites, a substance found to reduce the risk the cancer risks of humans. ( Organic Food ‘Proven’ Healthier ). This valuable research information is beneficial to everyone. Another reason to choose organic is that the chemicals used in conventional farming can be very hazardous to your health. Although government regulations carefully allow and test new pesticides for safety each year, many are found years later to have negative side effects. In the book Organic Gardening for Dummies the author explains how the pesticide chlorphyrifos was banned after people who came in contact with the chemical ( mostly farmers) began to experience complications in the respiratory, nervous, and cardiovascular systems of their bodies. The author Ann Whitman, tells how a research done by the National Cancer Institute found that farmers exposed to these kind of chemicals are six times more likely to develop cancer (12). Valuable information of this kind should not just be a statistic, but instead should be a serious warning for other farmers and their consumers. These chemicals and other unnatural farm practices have a negative effect on the environment as well, making the issue of chemical usage on farms a global problem for today and tomorrow.

The environment we live in is based on a system called an ecosystem. In an ecosystem everything is connected and must survive off each others actions. When farmers use chemicals they are disturbing the natural system. The chemically cultivated soil becomes contaminated and few variety of plants grow.

Fifty-seven percent more plant varieties grow in organic farms than their conventional counterparts. This is because the soils on organic farms are more natural and less tamed, making them a perfect environment for different types of plants ( Whitman 8 ). Organic farming is safe for the environment because it works with the environment and not against it. By using the materials provided by the earth, this type of farming has the ecosystem and the environment’s best interest in mind. The farmers who choose to plant organically are taking a big step in the right direction, insuring safe and healthy foods for their families and their consumer’s families.

Buying organic products such as fruits and vegetables helps small business farmers survive in a profession dominated by mass production farms. Organic farms are run in a simplistic manner. Hard manual labor and basic knowledge of how the soil reacts to different plants and environmental changes help replace the chemicals. The cost of the finished products usually cost a little more because the cost reflects the value of true manual labor. Unlike conventional farms, who use environmentally hazardous machines, and chemicals to yield their crops, organic farms weed, sow, prevent pests and disease naturally .The online news source, Inquirer News Service gives a detailed description of the typical organic farm:

Most organic farms are small, independently owned and family operated. They grow a variety of crops in a much smaller area. In a Tagatay, there are a number of independent organic farmers growing 15-20 different types of produce hectare. Unlike its commercial counter parts frequently using synthetic chemicals, organic farming employs mainly labor intensive practices such as weeding by hand, using green manure (composted of course) as fertilizer, putting crop covers to build the soil. Crops are also closely monitored for pest control. In case of infestation, the affected area is sprayed with a natural element like garlic. ( Why Organic Cost more than Commercial Veggies)

Purchasing organic foods shows that you support the small business of America. Organic farms do not get help from the governments like conventional farmers do. In fact, because of the absence of funds, many organic farmers are forced to sell out to larger companies. These larger companies are producing products that are not necessarily organic. Processed products like organic Twinkies, ketchup, and organic TV dinners are flooding the market posing as all natural products. This type of “big business” takeover is destroying the organic principles of simple living and the small business farmer, because the over all message of simplicity and keeping things close to the earth and nature are being lost or traded in for more profit.

Organic farming is a good step toward the future. Healthier foods, a better environment and saving small business farms are just some of the benefits of choosing organic. These reasons alone are enough to prove that organic farming should replace conventional forms of farming. Organic farming principles and ideas should not be overlooked. Its benefits are astonishing and are so basic that everyone can understand its underlined meaning; a better and healthier future today is a better and healthier future tomorrow.

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This should make the situation with writing your agricultural essay easier. Here you have to write a simple essay using the general structure and general rules of essay writing.

First of all, in your introductory paragraph write your thesis statement. For example, say why agriculture is an important branch of national economy.

In your body paragraphs look at the problem from several perspectives. The first paragraph could be about the general problem of most developing countries – lack of agricultural products, starvation etc.

The second one can be about the reasons why agriculture is not a priority to the respective governments and why such policies lead towards starvation in many countries of the world.

The third one can suggest methods on how to solve the problem of the lack of agricultural development.

In your conclusions summarize your essay.

Health has always been one of the substantial concerns of humanity. What we eat and what we drink just happens to be one of the primary sources and factors which determine our well-being. To stay healthy and avoid falling to countless diseases constantly lurking around we always have to choose the food we consume carefully. Therefore, the usage of pesticides in food and water is a serious matter that concerns many people in the society. Over the years, it has caused continuous dispute regarding its advantages and disadvantages.

Pesticides have been around since the nineteenth century. Nowadays, in agriculture and food production pesticides are commonly used to control pests such as insects, rodents, weeds, bacteria, mold, and fungus. Ideally, pesticides are supposed to harm the pests which might reside in food, without causing harm to the human. Unfortunately, as many studies show, the situation is highly controversial. On the one hand, many studies claim that the usage of pesticides in more beneficial to humans than it is harmful, and that opposed to the danger that is created by pests it is the lesser of evils. At the same time, many people argue that the risk of pesticides in our food is difficult to overlook, as it may not only harm the pests but the people who consume the products as well.

According to M. J. Levine, many studies have shown that the danger of pesticide exposure is real. He states that all people, especially young children, pregnant women, farmers and farm workers, as well as the elderly, are susceptible to adverse health effects caused by exposure to pesticides (Levine, Marvin J). Acute poisoning, cancer, congenital disabilities and damage to the brain are among the most alarming effects which may be caused by pesticides. That said, it is interesting to note that, according to Levine, insects can quickly develop resistance to pesticides. As for the sources of pesticide exposure, pesticide traces can be found almost everywhere: in the office and home, in food and water, as well as in the air (Levine, Marvin J). Taking into account these two facts, the benefit of pesticides for humans can be questioned.

On the other hand, the beneficial nature of pesticides can also be attested by diverse reasoning. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), it is necessary to use pesticides to control pests, as the danger they present is far greater than the possible risks from pesticide exposure. They argue that pests, if not taken care of properly, are the common sources of various deadly and debilitating diseases. As an example, indoor household pests such as cockroaches can be the cause of asthma and allergies. Another point made by EPA is that “the presence of a detectable pesticide residue does not mean the residue is at an unsafe level” (“Pesticides | US EPA”). They also claim that “the amount of a substance a person is exposed to is as important as how toxic the pesticide might be” (“Pesticides | US EPA”).

That brings us to the question of how pesticides should be used in agriculture and food production. Despite the fact that the increased use of pesticides is the reason for increased crop production, lower maintenance costs, and control of public health hazards, it is also proved to have a serious impact on the health of people working in agriculture (Levine, Marvin J). In this sphere, the direct risk of pesticide exposure is faced mainly by farmers and farm workers. Farm workers are exposed to pesticides when cultivating and harvesting the crops in fields, nurseries, and greenhouses, as well as transporting agricultural commodities (Levine, Marvin J). Moreover, children living in farming areas, states Levine, are likely to have the highest exposure to pesticides of any group of people in the country. That being said, according to recent studies, there is generally low level of awareness as to the dangers of pesticide exposure and prevention (Rao, Pamela et al.). This fact proves that the use of pesticides in the agricultural setting is the matter which should be considered with much seriousness.

Taking into account everything that has been said, I think that the matter of pesticide use is one that requires more public attention. It is a fact that people working in agriculture, as well as people living in farming areas, are more exposed to pesticides than those who live in cities. Therefore, I firmly believe that there should be some steps to be taken to minimise the danger of pesticide exposure to the people. First and foremost, farmers and farm workers should be properly informed about the pesticide use in agriculture and the different existing pros and cons. Raising awareness of the issue will make certain risks avoidable. While the controversy of the usage of pesticides in the agricultural sector remains unsolved, the government and the media should make sure that the society is well-informed about both benefits and risks of pesticides. That way, a single-valued decision on the matter of pesticide usage is likely to be devised sooner.

Works Cited

Levine, Marvin J. Pesticides: A Toxic Time Bomb In Our Midst. Praeger, 2007.
Liu, Yongbo et al. “Protecting The Environment And Public Health From Pesticides.” Environmental Science & Technology, vol 46, no. 11, 2012, pp. 5658-5659. American Chemical Society (ACS), doi:10.1021/es301652v.
“Pesticides | US EPA.” US EPA, 2017, https://www.epa.gov/pesticides.
Rao, Pamela et al. “Pesticides In The Homes Of Farmworkers.” Health Education & Behavior, vol 34, no. 2, 2006, pp. 335-353. SAGE Publications, doi:10.1177/1090198106288045.

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