Essays On Western Civilization

Western Civilization


The history of western civilization can be traced to the inventions ancient Greece. They invented and perfected anything from thermometers, alarm clock, steam power, automatic doors among many other things. Many people however know Greece for their outstanding architecture. After the inspirations and inventions of Greece, western world became civilized. Western civilization took a long time. There were many phases including: the Roman Empire, the dark ages, the renaissance, the age of discovery, the industrial revolution, rise of western powers, the world wars, and the western nation’s dominance of the 21st century. In each phase, the economic, social, and political aspects of the western world would change.

After Rome conquered Greece, they invented many other things and made changes in the political theories. Their constructions and leadership philosophy were some of the most remarkable things of the empire. However, a dark age arose when the Roman Empire fell and Europe entered the middle ages. The Catholic Church was powerful then and filled the void that was left by the fallen Roman Empire. In 12th century, Europe experienced remarkable changes in of art and learning, which helped in the construction of cathedrals and universities.

The Catholic Church’s dominance was brought down after the reformation of the 14th century. At the same time, in the cities of Europe, there arose a merchant class in the cities, which led to the renaissance period. This continued to the 17th century when art became advanced, ushering in the age of discovery. It was during this period that empires such as Britain, Spain and Portugal rose.

Industrial revolution took place in the 18th century, beginning from Britain and spreading to the America. At this time, Europe ruled over Australia and America while Africa and Asia were ruled over by the western powers. In 19th century Democracy was founded by Britain, while South Americans opted for an autocracy form of government.

In 20th century, democracy was embraced by the European countries. Before this however, the eras of fascism and communism contributed to world wars. This left the European nations disintegrated. Further, the civil rights movements coupled with migrations into Europe by people of different faith and race made it hard for Europe to retain its western dominance. Cold war followed after the emergence of Soviet Union and United States.

After the collapse of Soviet Union in 1990, cold war ended. The European Union was formed and has continued to emphasize on economic and political co-operation among the European nations up to date. In the 21st century, western powers still have a lot of influence and power while the Asian and the African nations are still lagging behind. Western civilization has come a long way, from the era of ancient Greek, to the dominating European and United States powers of the modern world.

Western Civilization Essay

Western civilization is one of the world‟s twenty-six civilizations. It started in Crete, the largest Greek island in the eastern Mediterranean sea, about 3,000 years ago. The civilization that rose in Crete was called the Minoan civilization because Crete at that time was under the rule of the legendary King Minos. Ancient Greek civilization originated more than 2,000 years ago on the shores of the Ionian and Aegean Seas. Ancient Greece made innovations in philosophy, politics, science, architecture, and the arts, and Greek culture forms the basis of Western civilization to this day. Then The Roman Empire which was the largest empire in antiquity. Using their practical skills, the Romans made achievements in language, law, engineering, and government that were bequeathed to the future.

Western practices of impartial justice and trial by jury owe much to Roman law. As great builders, the

Romans left monuments to their skills throughout Europe, some of which, such as aqueducts and roads,

are still in use today. Aspects of Roman administrative practices survived in the Western world for

centuries. The Romans also preserved the intellectual heritage of the ancient world.

The Dark Ages(1000Ad-1450AD) is a historical periodization used originally for the Middle Ages, which emphasizes the cultural and economic deterioration that supposedly occurred in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.[1] HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_Ages_(historiography)" \l "cite_note-Merriam-Webster-2" [2] The label employs traditional light-versus-darkness imagery to contrast the "darkness" of the period with earlier and later periods of "light".[3] The period is characterized by a relative scarcity of historical and other written records at least for some areas of Europe, rendering it obscure to historians. The art and learning were centered on the church and religion

At the start of the 14th century, people became less interested in thinking about God, heaven and the saints, and more interested in thinking about themselves, their surroundings and their everyday lives. Part of this change was influenced by the study of ancient Greek and Roman writings on scientific matters, government, philosophy, and art. When scholars during the Renaissance began to study these writings, their interests turned away from traditional areas of study such as religion, medicine and the law. The people of the Renaissance became interested in other areas of science, the natural world, biology and astronomy. People now studied mathematics, engineering, and architecture. Artists, writers, musicians and composers began creating work outside of the church. Artists signed their...

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Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization

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Contributions to Western Civilization Made by Ancient Greece and Rome

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Contributions Made by the Romans to Western Civilization

1630 words - 7 pages The ancient Romans had many contributions that were important to the western civilization. Some of their contributions include the aqueducts, public baths, markets, and juries. The Romans were also the greatest builders of the ancient western world. They created a legacy that proved to be as dominant as it was long lasting and many roman principles are embodied in their modern instructions. The Romans made varies of contributions to the Western...

The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization

1503 words - 6 pages The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization      Rome's vast empire lasted for an amazing one thousand-year reign. Half of it referred to as the republic, and the other as the empire. However, after its fall in 5oo-a.d. Rome has still remained in existence through its strong culture, architecture, literature, and even religion (Spielvogel 175). Even after its disappearance as a nation Rome left behind a legacy that will never...

Western Civilization: A Very Brief Overview from the Romans to the Counter-Reformation

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Influence of Russian Revolution on Western Civilization

1437 words - 6 pages On the edge of XIX-XX centuries the capitalism of the free competition had turned into imperialism – monopolitical capitalism (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.). The growing social production and private capitalist appropriation of it, labour of ones and profit of others were the main processes owing to the aggravation of working class and bourgeoisie. The political parties of social army had started to form. In many countries of Western Europe, the socialist...

Who had the Greater impact on Western civilization: Charles Darwin or Sigmund Freud? Takes the position of Fread having a greater impact.

1113 words - 4 pages Who had the greater impact on Western civilization: Charles Darwin or Sigmund Freud?Freud did many great and wonderful things during his lifetime. He studied illnesses of the mind, advanced what little we knew at...

World War II: Did the western civilization help enough?

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