Memorandum Sample Essay Questions

Like most forms of writing, memos come with so many rules, instructions, and suggestions that it's easy to forget a few. Since we've already addressed the dos and don'ts of how to write a memo, let's take a moment to look at these rules in practice.

While reading over the below memo examples, pay special attention to the key features of a memo. Ask yourself the following questions:

  • Is it addressed to the right audience?
  • Does the subject line accurately convey its contents?
  • Does it anticipate and address potential objections?
  • Is it formatted clearly and consistently?

When considering each memo's main text, pay close attention to the structure. The opening paragraph should restate the memo's purpose indicated in the subject line. Subsequent paragraphs should build on this opening statement and explain the memo's purpose in detail. Unnecessary information should be removed, and word choice should remain straightforward and professional.

Memo Example 1: A General Office Memo

MEMORANDUM

To: All Staff

From: The Manager

Date: May 27, 2010

Subject: Inappropriate use of time on Google Doodle games

Coworkers,

It has come to my attention that many in the office have been spending time on the Google home page microgames. This memo is a reminder to use your work hours for work.

According to a recent article, the estimated daily cost of people collectively playing these games instead of working is over $120 million—which is calculated based on the daily average increased time spent on the Google home page (36 seconds).

If these estimates are applied to our 600 office employees, this results in a nearly $700 weekly loss.

This is a conservative estimate considering the extensive discussions that occur about beating the office's current high score. The extra cost quickly adds up.

Of course, we don't want you to view our organization as a place of drudgery and draconian rules. I encourage a fun and competitive environment, and I recognize that we certainly won't be profitable if you are unhappy or dissatisfied with your jobs. This is just a reminder to be careful with your use of company time.

Thank you,

The Manager

Reference:

Wright, Tony. (2010). The Tragic Cost of Google Pac-Man – 4.82 million hours. Retrieved May 26, 2010 from: http://blog.rescuetime.com/2010/05/24/the-tragic-cost-of-google-pac-man-4-82-million-hours/

Memo Example 2: A Departmental Memo

MEMORANDUM

To: Computer Programming Division

From: Vice President Lumbergh

Date: February 19, 2016

Subject: Attaching cover sheets to TPS reports

This is to remind the division that, starting today, we are now filing all Testing Procedure Specification (TPS) reports with new cover sheets.

The reason for this change is simple. In addition to a new format, the cover sheets provide a summary of the report as well as the updated legal copy. The new cover sheets also include Initech's new logo.

Though this change may initially seem like a headache and an extra step, it is necessary to include the new cover sheets due to their updated information. Failing to do so will result in a confusing and inaccurate product delivered to our customers.

Please be sure to follow this new procedure.

Best regards,

Vice President Lumbergh

Conclusion

By following these memo examples and addressing your audience in clear, concise language, you'll be able to effectively communicate with your coworkers in all your correspondence.

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Study Resources - Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The Virginia Board of Bar Examiners does not develop or publish "model answers" to the Virginia essay questions, and the Board does not approve or endorse any purported "model answers" published by law school professors or others. Instead, the Board compiles points and authorities and develops a grading guideline identifying the essential elements that the Board believes should be covered in a good answer to each particular essay question.

The Board does not require a "perfect" answer. The Board expects a good answer to recognize the issues involved, to set out the law applicable to those issues, to analyze the facts of the question, to identify the facts relevant to the issues, to apply the law to those relevant facts, and to reach a conclusion consistent with the analysis. Of course, all of that identification, analysis, and application must be effectively communicated to the grader. Thus, more than just legal knowledge, the Virginia essay questions test one's ability to use and apply the skills that are essential to every lawyer.

To provide some examples of good answers, the Board will from time to time reprint actual answers that have received a score of 10 points (i.e., the highest score possible on any one answer).

July 2017 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2017 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2016 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2016 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2015 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2015 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2014 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2014 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2014 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2014 First Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions
The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2014 Second Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions
July 2013 Example Answers

Another example is an essay question from the July 2013 examination followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points. These are examples of answers that, while not "perfect," are very good and deserving of the highest grade. These answers have not been edited in any way to correct misspellings or grammatical errors.

July 2013 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2013 Example Answers

For example, the following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2013 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points. You will probably notice that neither is a "perfect" answer. You may even be able to argue that one is better than the other. However, each answer identified the essential issues, discussed the applicable law (e.g., elements of a valid gift), and applied the law to relevant facts. These answers have not been edited in any way to correct misspellings or grammatical errors.

February 2013 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

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